Category Archives: 316A T/R 11-12:15

Beauty Product: The Diversity of Beauticians

      Since the year of 1950, beauty salons had populated rapidly due to grandness in women lives. Some may not notice, but many women has been involved with salons, African Americans to be exact, where there will be no diversity of beauticians. Not a lot of people will think this matters, however, this should be looked upon on because each women has the right to receive the same treatment as others. Race shouldn’t matter and hair texture shouldn’t either. Although all beauticians requires certification to own a salon, this indicates that we must have limitations of salons with beauticians who are the same race located in the same area to build a diversity. Hence, women should be able to feel comfortable while getting their hair done.

It is known for those women whose interested in cosmetology and wanting to own a salon that an cosmetology license is required. According to the beauty courses category blog it is needed to attain a license if you are indeed providing services to clients. If you decide otherwise then it’s not necessarily required. With employees it’s a different story. It states employees must be provided “… certification or licensing…that will carry out services to the clientele.” (Do I Need a Cosmetology License to Open a Salon?; 2013, Evergreen Beauty College). In other words, they will also need certification. Now I do agree that each hairdressers should have some certification of their work, however, I understand that it can be difficult for some individuals to get one. Some people aren’t able to attend cosmetology school because the cost is too pricey. There will be programs they’ll suggest for to enroll, the rooms, and textbooks you have to purchase. Another reason they are unable to attend could be they may have many responsibilities in their personal lives that they don’t have the time to do what they want. As a result, it will be overwhelming for one person to handle these tasks. Thus, if interested in the cosmetology business it is recommended to get a license.

In certain areas, there should be limited beauty salons located in the same area with the same ethnic group of hairdressers. For instance, in the Bronx there are mutual of salons owned by Latinos located near one another. On 170 Street, from Grand Concourse to Clay Avenue, there are at least four beauty salons. The video shown below shows how closely they are altogether. The Bronx is knowing of having many Latino residents. According to Zaire Cortes, she states that “54.6 percent of Bronx residents are Latino and most live in neighborhoods that are key to the development of housing and infrastructure.”(A New Bronx?; 2019, Showcasing the Best of the Community and Ethnic Media). Because much of the community are Latino residents it’s understandable why most salons are owned by them, however, it does not excuse them for not being diverse. Few investors prefer to have just a family business. That’s a great idea, although other individuals from different ethnic groups should have the opportunity to prove their skills. It’s possible very few women feels uncomfortable to obtain services from only Latinos; not because they dislike them, but because they are treated differently due to their hair texture. This can lead the salon into losing money as these women will find services somewhere else. Therefore, there should be limitations of an all Latino salons locating closely to each other.

These beauty salons needs to be culturally diverse, not only to themselves but to our community. The importance of representation is to show within the neighborhood how connected we are together. African American’s hair is one of the underrated hair there is. Not every stylist can handle our kinky, curly, textured hair. That’s why the importance of different hairstylists should be concerned to many. Black women are discriminated by their hair because it’s not as easy to simply straighten it as a style. Thompson states that “…15% of traditional stylists turns away clients who have textured hair”. ( This App Wants to Save Black Women from Stylists Ruining their Hair; 2017, Fast Company). The amount of disrespect our women are gaining is disgusting and heartbreaking. People are so cruel. Additionally, this has been happening to us for years now. We are charged more for having “challenging” hair. Do you know how upsetting it is for a black woman to be discriminated due to the texture of hair? The instant feeling we consume when we can’t achieve is the feeling of giving up. It’s exhausting to constantly be overlooked by the beauty industry, so our only two options are to wear protective hairstyles  (wigs, braids, dreadlocks, etc) or wash our own hair. Honestly, the only people who understands our hair textures is ourselves which is why majority of us does that anyway. The more we do our own hair, the more we save our money. On the Upper East Side of Manhattan, every black woman knows the most populated of hair braiding salons are located on 125th Street. As soon you’re walking along the sidewalk you will see many beautiful African American women sitting outside handing out card information of their business. In short, the community needs a diverse of hairdressers to provide services for all women with different textures of hair.

Nevertheless, many of Latino stylists will probably suggest otherwise and argue that a diversity isn’t needed because they are able to do all types of hair. The map I created shows the amount of salons on the street, but on different avenues up the block from me. When I was a freshman I attended a salon near to the one I used to go to as a child for the first time with my mom. The original price was $15 for a wash and set yet my mom had to pay $25 because my hair was so thick and I “needed” to clip my ends. After I got out the dryer, one of the beauticians told me she would do me next after she was done with a customer. Little did I know she lied and did her friend next. Thank god my mom was there to say something and got someone else to finish my hair. Now I do my own hair so I won’t have to go through that again. To conclude, the community needs to do a better job of treating others which is why we need to be culturally diverse so all of us can work with one another.

The Real Killer: Legalization of drugs would only bring more death to the United States (Esssay #4)

Melachi Jackson
English 110 [1867]
Krystyna Michael

The Real Killer: Legalization of drugs would only bring more death to the United States


The map is showing you how many lives were taken away due to overdosing on drugs. On the map, it is showing how places that have certain drugs legalized. It becomes a gateway to people using it more and more until they used too much of it and die. Skeptics argue that drug abuse stems from people abusing the drug and not how powerful the drug is. In actuality having such powerful drugs legalized can cause many people to die. If we don’t illegalize drugs then the United States will continue to lose too many people every day.

In “Drug Use Rankings Show Big Surprises And Even Bigger Problems” author Nicole Fisher explains how the states with large populations are having more drug-related deaths the others because they have a high drug-dealing problem. “ South Dakota and Wyoming are tied for the most DEA arrests per capita in recent years, followed by Mississippi and Missouri. It is guessed that state laws pertaining to drug monitoring, as well as a number of synthetic drug and trafficking ring busts, are the culprit of the high rankings.” These states have drugs legalized and this causes people to sell and traffic drugs since it has been legalized there. This explains why West Virginia as a much higher drug death rate than West Virginia. On my map, it shows how the western side of Virginia is darker red which means there is more deaths than the Eastside.

In “Drug Overdose Deaths in the United States, 1999-2017” the authors wanted to explain how dangerous drugs really are. They inform the reader just how many people lost their life due to drugs. “In 2017, there were 70,237 drug overdose deaths in the United States”. People die almost every day of natural causes but these deaths can be avoided. This goes to show the problem has not gotten better. My map was all the deaths rates that had taken place in 2014. The number has increased tremendously over 3 years. Furthermore, the issues continuously grow and more and more people die due to drugs. “The age-adjusted rate of drug overdose deaths increased from 6.1 per 100,000 standard population in 1999 to 21.7 in 2017.” Not just adolescents are dying as well. Teenagers are obtaining drugs without having to need identification every single day. In all the United States is facing a crisis that is harming both the youth and the adults.

Drug smuggling has to originate somewhere and it is mainly bringing brought in by people in the state of Colorado. “Authorities say growers are using loopholes in Colorado’s legal cannabis system to produce marijuana destined for illegal export, tempted by the high prices that Colorado’s high-grade marijuana commands on the black market” Colorado is the main place people smuggle drugs because of how legal it is. This relates to the map at the start of the essay because it shows how colorado is fueling the states around it to raise their drug death. This just relates back to teenagers and how they are getting drugs. The drug dealers are getting drugs and selling them to kids. The drug rate in Colorado is much higher than it should be because of how legal it is.

Drugs related deaths are increasing and becoming more of an issue that needs to be addressed. Many states have drugs illegalized but as time goes by these drugs would be legalized and more and more people will die due to them. It will not just affect the adult but teenagers will be at risk.

Fisher, Nicole. “Drug Use Rankings Show Big Surprises And Even Bigger Problems.” Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 1 June 2018,

Hedegaard, Holly, Margaret Warner, and Arialdi M. Miniño. “Drug overdose deaths in the United States, 1999–2015.” (2017).

Warner, Margaret. “Products – Health E Stats – Trends in Drug-Poisoning Deaths: United States, 1999–2012.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 6 Nov. 2015,

Hughes, Trevor. “When Smuggling Colo. Pot, Not Even the Sky’s the Limit.” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 17 May 2016,

Final essay

Haddy Ceesay

Professor Michael

Eng. 110

November 19th, 2019


Adolescence; (Identity versus role of confusion) and (Peers versus parent)

 Later woman and african man talking with caucasian friends outdoor in the summer in the city

Most of us believe that Adolescence is stressful to get through and a difficult journey, but sometimes it depends on the way we handle it. The identity versus role of confusion stage is a turning point in human development during which adolescent from roughly the age of 12 to 20 years, try to understand and invent who they are by testing out different version of themselves in different social situations. The article, ‘Oranges’ by Gray Soto explains, Adolescence is the beginning of a challenging and transitional period. These changes occur both in the mind and physical appearance. being a teenager is stressful because you get through a difficult journey. However, at that stage many teenagers begin to experience things that were prohibited to them. Although after knowing what it’s all about, most of them stop because they know what is good and bad. At that stage they might want to protect themselves against dangerous things. Although teenager do adopt one either peers or parents, most parent authoritarian are rigid and punitive, and value unquestioning obedience from teens. Most peers are authoritative to them because peers are firm, set a clear limit, reason with their peers and explain things to them.


In addition, most teens in the united states especially junior and high school students frog relationship by taking some responsibilities on their own. The need to develop new social relationships and an increasing sense of responsibility and independence. That is to say, to grow up friendly relationships and improve their duties and be free. The cognitive ability that attained during adolescence may also give the risk to new feelings of egocentrism. Ultimately, then, my goal is to demonstrate that the new thinking teenagers achieve leads to the belief that they know everything and know better than anyone else. Again, they are independent in a way teens tries to solves their problem without clear thinking to the outcome. I observe group 0f teens from school or going to school in the subway. Behaving impulsively meaning acting like a kid playing and running in the subway, also some be pushing their colleague towards the platform. I believe teens do such because they think of the positive side rather than also thinking the negative side might happen accidentally. In additional, teens sometimes act as an adult by sharing important advice within them self in the train car by using reason and analyzing their taught in a correct manner and which others can benefit from.


“Adolescence Developing and Identity” by C. Stangor and J. Walinga, which say that, the first time a teen boy picks up a girl and walk her out to a drugstore, and ask her what candy she wants by showing some responsible. At some point he decides without deep thinking for the outcome. “After the girl chooses a chocolate he can’t afford, the boy says, I fingered a nickel in my pocket, and when she lifted a chocolate that cost a dime, I didn’t say anything. I took the nickel from my pocket, then an orange, and set them quietly on the counter”. In essence, the girl wants an expensive candy which the young boy can’t pay. He takes out the little amount of money he got and one off the fruits he was having, without saying anything stand in front of the cashier. In order to see how this relates to adolescent development, the psychology text explains, “Adolescents often seem to act impulsively rather than thoughtfully”. In essence, teenagers normally act without thinking thought it. Most adolescence do act impulsive meaning acting without thinking. Similarly, to the “Oranges” text by just telling the girl to choose what she wants without imagine what the cost might be.


Furthermore, the teenager rationalized ways to deal with his issue of paying for the candy. The speaker says, “when I looked up, the lady’s eyes met mine, and held them, knowing very well what it was all about.” That is to say, while he was standing wanted to tell the lady what he wants, the lady already knew and decide to help them before he even says something. As the psychology text states, during adolescence the child continues to grow physically, cognitively and emotionally”. That’s is to say, at this stage many changes occur like thinking, understand, reasoning and even feelings do develop. At the stage of adolescence teenagers begin to think rationally meaning using reason or good sense to do what they want. As the “Oranges” text demonstrates, he thinks deeper to find out the best strategy he could use, even though before he speaks up to the cashier helped him while the young adult was still thinking.

Moreover, he achieved trust from the girl as a result he feels egocentrism. At the end of the story, the says, “I peeled my orange that was so bright against the gray of December that, from some distance, someone might have thought I was making a fire in my hands”. In other words, when they got out of the store the boy removes the skin of a fruit it was so light in a dark day. At some point people could think that he was having light in my hands. To connect this to adolescence, the psychology text states, “the new cognitive abilities that are attained during adolescence may also give risk to new feelings of egocentrism”. In other words, the new thinking teenagers achieve lead to the belief that they know everything and knows better than anyone else. At this point in time of adulthood most of them think hypothesized that is using knowledge and fact to predict what might happen. This is because at some point the young man has his own believe that someone might think that he has light on his hands in a dark place instead of his orange. He was thinking everyone was concentrating on him.

In the final analysis, the boy in “Oranges” act in different ways one was acting before thinking as a puberty while the other one was thinking before acting as an adult hood. I believe it is important because at this stage you use the one that’s work for them. However, they are between puberty and adulthood therefore they use both in a way that they need it Some people might say that the boy in” Oranges” is behaving as an adult complete. Because if he was behaving as a teenager he would not how to walk a girl at his age. Moreover, would not have any idea on how to solve his problems in the store. However, this is not a strong claim because it depends on the type of teenager he is. Over all it is clear that the young boy act like an adolescence because in every situation he acts differently.

Lastly, I went to a school in Manhattan name path way to graduation, I can call it a high school because they conduct the GED program. The student’s age is between 12 to 21 and my research is based on that category. Most of them find it hard to figure out who they are, and who they want to be. Adolescent do end up confuse because of the different orientation they got from people, which might lead to role of confusion. Again when they ask parent instead parent answering the question they will be directing the way without any explanation of why they should do that. The example given to me by the group of teens was their parents be like our great grandparent follow this way of becoming a teacher or any other area depend on the family, from grandparent to us to you guys and any comment you might thing of adding they will say you are too small to change the family history. Instead of given them chance to try what they want to be. Although adolescent feels pressure to identify what to do with their life. teens be declining reliance on adult for information with a shift toward using the peer group as a source of social judgements. The important attachments of adolescents move increasingly away from parent and increasingly toward peers. As a result, parent influence diminishes at this stage, teens group conclude by saying the things they want to know is given to them by their peers.











Work cited

 Stanford C. and J Walinga. Introduction to Psychology, Victoria BC, BCcampus.2014. 

Soto, Gary.”Oranges” PoetryMagazine,


Tourism In New York City: A Perfect Place For Sightseeing

Most Popular Tourist Attractions In New York City

Many people assume that New York City is a city where everyone spends days and days working non-stop. This is due to the large number of offices of global companies that are in this city. However, the truth is that New York City is more than just a city where you work 24 hours a day. At first glance it may seem that way, but if you stop to observe the historical places, the large number of museums, beautiful parks and the great diversity of people that you can find in this city, you will find that New York City is the perfect place for any type of tourism. Although sightseeing in New York City can be somewhat overwhelming due to the large number of people who travel its streets day after day, it is worth going out to know all the great places that this city can offer because it holds many historical figures, there are many activities to do, and it is very diverse.

A relevant point when doing tourism in New York City is to know that this is a city with many historical places. A person who is touring in New York can draw on the great history from the streets and buildings of this wonderful city has. Places like The Brooklyn Bridge, what is “the first steel wire suspension bridge; at one point the largest in the world; inspiration for Hart Crane’s poem, The Bridge.”(2), or Central Park, that is”the Green Lung of the city; one of the most visited city parks in the world; designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux.”(3) are perfect examples of the places the people who are doing tourism in New York City should visit and learn more about the history of this amazing city.

Brooklyn Bridge

Brooklyn Bridge

Last but not least, one of the advantages of sightseeing in New York City is that there are all kinds of activities for all types of people. Even if you are doing tourism alone or with your family, there are activities that suit everyone’s taste. If you are a person who likes to have fun and learn something new every day, you should visit Time Square, which is “a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center and neighborhood in the Midtown Manhattan section of New York City at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue.”(4). On the other hand, If you are a family person, New York offers you a great variety of parks and restaurants where you can spend a good time with your loved ones. In general what this indicates is that New York is the perfect destination for a good holiday, whether you go alone or in the company of your family.

Bearing in mind my previous point, living in a place like New York City can be overwhelming due to the fact that this is a small city where more than 8.6 million people live. For a tourist, this is not a problem because this will just be in this city for a short time, but this can be overwhelming because you will be surrounded by people at all times. According to Joe Guzzardi “ Basic math proves the point. NYC has about 8.6 million residents distributed over 302 square miles which makes it the nation’s most densely populated major city with more than twice the population of the second largest city, Los Angeles. As well, 38 of the nation’s 50 states each have less population than NYC. Since 2010, New York’s population has increased an unsustainable 5.5 percent.” (1). A tourist who decides to go to New York to spend their vacations will have to deal with this many people. However, that should not prevent you from enjoying your trips to one of the main cities in the world. If there was a capital of the melting pot that the USA is considered to be, it would be New York City. By being so populated it also holds place for people from very different backgrounds. Visiting this diverse city can enrich someone with knowledge about many different cultures. 

This is a short guide of the places that everybody should go in New York City.

New York City is undoubtedly a wonderful city. It is rich in history, culture, and activities. This city should be on everyone’s bucket list. Its high population could discourage some people from coming but it should be kept in mind that one could take advantage of this. The Brooklyn Bridge and Times Square are few of the historical spots that could enhance the New York City experience. New York City is a place that must be explored and experienced.

Works Cited

  1. NYC is a population overload warning by Joe Guzzardi
  2. List of National Historic Landmarks in New York City. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
  3. List of National Historic Landmarks in New York City. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.   
  4. Time Square. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Organic Food: Can Save Your Life

In this map I am pointing out the few supermarkets that are in the area of The Bronx of Organic food.

People say the world revolves around money; I beg to differ. The world revolves around food. We consume it all the time and without it we cannot live, food is a huge part of us. The moment it touches our mouths; our bodies start appropriating it. Food digests into very small particles that end up being determining factors in certain actions of our bodies. It is so important that it could determine our health. In cities like New York, more specifically in the borough of The Bronx, eating habits are not the healthiest. Introducing organic food to The Bronx could help resolve many issues. Although organic food can be expensive, it should be consumed because it is better for the environment, it could improve people’s health, and create a healthier lifestyle.

It is important to define that organic food is “the product of a farming system which avoids the use of man-made fertilizers.”(Lewin) Fertilizers contain chemicals like phosphorous that are very dangerous to the environment. The use of these chemicals can lead to an excess of nutrients and leads to the lack of oxygen for animals and plants; this is known as eutrophication. “Eutrophication is characterized by excessive plant and algal growth due to the increased availability of one or more limiting growth factors needed for photosynthesis (Schindler 2006), such as sunlight, carbon dioxide, and nutrient fertilizers”.(qtd, Chislock) The production of organic food itself takes care of our ecosystem at the same time it takes care of those who consume it.

In The Bronx, organic food could be hard to access. As shown in the map supermarkets exclusively for organic foods are far apart and there are not many of them. It is important to introduce that 1 out of 3 people in The Bronx suffer from diabetes and that these supermarkets could provide food alternatives that would not add the current health issue. If the importance of these foods were advertised by these same supermarkets perhaps more people would do the extra effort of reaching them and making changes in their eating habits that would improve their health. After all, though the supermarkets are far, the transportation system in The Bronx could facilitate their access and this is yet another thing these supermarkets should stress. In “What Does ‘organic’ Mean, and Should You Buy Organic Foods?” (youtube) it is explained how these organic foods go through a series of regulations that requires these foods to go through little to none chemical alterations. Moving away from these chemicals does not only sound more attractive so people go more towards purchasing them than junk food, but when consumed, our bodies react better than if they were not organic.

Our lifestyle is defined by what we feed our minds and stomachs. The common Bronx lifestyle consists of full-time jobs or school in order to pay rent. Mostly, these occupations take up most of the citizen’s of the Bronx day making it hard to pay attention to their nutrition. Once informed about the benefits of organic food it is hard to shake the thought that a few more free hours are better than using the time to prepare your own meals. Organic food is bought raw forcing consumers to prepare their meals. Inorganic foods are more attractive due to the fact that they tend to already be prepared and are more readily available to consumers. Organic food can even go as far as motivating someone to cultivate their own food. It helps us better our habits.

Organic food is underestimated. The Bronx’s population is not very informed about its benefits. Organic food at first thought is known to be good to our bodies but it even goes beyond that. Organic food is also crucial for the improvement of our ecosystem’s health. Organic food forces us to create a healthier lifestyle for ourselves. Organic food is an overall well-rounded solution for many of the Bronx’s current issues.

Works cited

“Eutrophication: Causes, Consequences, and Controls in Aquatic Ecosystems”  Michael F. Chislock, text, 2013

“What Does “Organic” Mean, and Should You Buy Organic Foods?” SciShow, video, 2018

What does organic mean?” Jo Lewin, text, 2013

Public Transportation Affairs: Why should Public Transportation be Free for Low-Income NewYorkers?


In a metropolitan or urban city, we have to get around. Specifically, here in New York City where the majority of people use public transportation to get from point A to point B. The convenience of public transportation is great, but not everyone can afford it. Particularly, those New York City residents who are low-income. For them, the fare should be free or at least reduce being that they have other expenses to pay for such as; food, shelter, utilities, electricity, gas, etc. Although the cost of a bus/train ride is 2.75, it adds up and that cost can exceed $100 a month, which puts low-income people into further economic strawn. Public Transportation is a system of transport by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and charge a posted fee for each trip. This essay discusses research regarding the campaign and reasons why fares should be free or at least reduced for low-income New York City residents.

For some New Yorkers, 2.75 is a fair fare. Emma Fitzsimmons talks about the importance of increasing the fare every two years to use this money to solve the MTA crisis. According to Fitzsimmons, “transit leaders say they need billions of dollars to tackle huge budget ticket deficits and pay for critical repairs” (Fitzsimmons). In other words, it is said that the money collected from the fare is used for the own transportation benefits; subway repairs taking into account all the people who mostly use the train as transport, although the cost may increase in order to approve new revenue streams for the system. But we cannot dismiss the fact that transportation fares can have its advantages. As a benefit, “the bonus for pay-per-ride MetroCards will rise to 11 percent, from 5 percent, from anyone who puts at least 5.50 on a card…transportation advocates had argued that the bonus served an important function as a discount for low-income rides” (Fitzsimmons). This 11 percent may not seem like a lot but it could make a bit of a difference for low-income residents. Yet the bonus for the pay-per-ride MetroCards did not rise, however as a result of the Board to keep the 2.75 fares the 5 percent bonus was eliminated. And it is not to mention that there are reduced MetroCards for elders, in that case, the fare will only be $1.35. The 2.75 fares can be affordable for middle incomes and may be manageable for low-incomes who make an appropriate amount of money to hold their houses.

Now, considering someone who uses bus/train as a method of transportation to get to work, this person spend up to $100 monthly, this of course if this someone does not use both bus and train to get to their destination, in that case, it will be approximately $200 with the closest average of people that uses public transportation every day. Sterling Price, shows the average of money a household spends annually. It states that “20% of households regularly pay for some form of public transportation, about $225 per month” (Price). This is just the amount of money used for public transportation, money that can be used for some other expenditures. Being aware that for most low-income New Yorkers having 225 dollars monthly can be of good subsistence at the time to buy either food or pay bills. The Incorporation also claims that “for the average household, transportation costs are almost as much as what’s spent on rent or the direct costs of homeownership: an average of $2,000 annually” (Price). If we take into account, a low-income earn a minimum of $15,000 a year when there is just one household and a maximum of $39,500 if there is more than one, those $2,000 could be utilized for other needs. What I am trying to state is, while low-incomes spend around $4,000 on food, $2,100 on utilities, add $150 – $200 monthly= up to $2,000 annually for electricity and if you want plus $60 – $150= up to $1,200 on internet/cable or electronics (cellphones), with the $2,000 in transportation is already $11,300, almost what one household low-income makes a year. Even when it may be seen that it’s required to pay for the fare when it adds up it can become a reasonable amount for some residents who have other needs to address, but hey watch out because the ticket for not paying the fare is more expensive.

Talking about the benefits of fair-fare or free fare, low-incomes have to take care of different needs in order to survive, having to pay the fare can put their economic stability in constant change whether they have to take bus/train to work. According to Evelly Jeanmarie a reporter of City Limits Youth Program, the number one problem of public transportation is fare evasion; people who skip the fare. She argues that in order to combat fare evasion the MTA should address the ride affordability: lowing fares for low-income rides or the use of half-priced MetroCards.

Residents in NYC have different reasons to beat the system either because they want to skip the fare or because they cannot afford it, making this a debate on whether the fare is reduced the fare evasion does not decrease. She also claims that there should be policies to allow free fares for poor people, and fair fares program could help achieve a free-fare system in NY. The campaign advocates that “many advocates have long held that the most effective way to combat fare evasion is to address its affordability: lowering fares for low-income riders who otherwise might be forced to jump the turnstile because they can’t afford to pay” (Jeanmarie). I agree that one of the reasons to not go Free-fare is because of fare evasion, yet as Jeanmarie says some of them can’t afford to pay it, people don’t always go around with change in their pockets and we never know if an emergency comes up and we got to run. A man’s word to develop the argument “When buses don’t really go faster than walking, at least a lot of the time, and when trains are just chronically delayed with little or no warning, it’s not surprising that people will take the opportunity if they see it to ride without paying” Kheel-Komanoff admits. What I am implying is whether people pay the fare or not as long as we are residents or low-incomes the fare should be free because nobody knows how your economic status is at the moment that even those $2.75 can be used to have breakfast, meal or dinner. Applebaum Stuart’s newspaper article emphasizes the idea of half-fare MetroCards for poor residents, the increase of transit fare is another challenge for working people of low income who have enough things to afford and transit expenses eats up 10 percent of poor families’ budgets. “Some made a proposal to the Community Service Society and the Riders Alliance for half-fare MetroCards for poor people” (Stuart #10). He argues that the eligible people for this half-fare plan will save up to $700 a year, a considerably large amount for low-income residents. This proposal has gained popular support in the US mostly in New York City, it has also gained support form News organizations including the New York Times and Daily News. This plan could help working-poor New Yorkers to move from low to the middle class if implemented.

Some people may say that $2.75 is a low price to pay for a ride that will take you from one city to another, yet the fact that there are people who do not make the same amount of money as other makes this topic controversial, is true that the average of people in NYC who evade the fare is about 16%, but like 5 percent of this people can not afford it. The amount of people who take public transportation in NY cities is bigger than the number of people who prefer to use their own cars, can’t forget that some people use public transportation even when they own a car because of the transit delays, and also some of the people are even unemployed; does not think about paying the fare when they don’t even have money for themself. It was not that long ago I was in the train and the seat next to me was empty because someone defecated in it, then this nice guy with the help of the other riders cleaned the sit, but the odor was still there, so with a pencil, a woman wrote on a paper “don’t sit someone du-du in here” funny right? then somebody else gave the guy tape so he could paste the note above, and I remember the guy after pasting the paper saying, “this is what New Yorkers have to deal with, but they don’t care about this when we have to pay the fare, transportation should be free for all residents man! we already have enough things to pay for” and I laughed because I thought “can you believe I am doing a research essay exactly about that? yeah… that is how the world works. As long as we are residents public transportation should be free for all of us.

Works Cited

Applebaum, Stuart. “Reduced Transit Fare Would Help Get Low-Wage Workers Moving.” New York, Amsterdam News, 2016, p. 10.
Evelly, Jeanmarie. “The Long-Shot Case for Making NYC Public Transit Free.” City Limits, 1 Feb. 2019,
Fitzsimmons, Emma. “Subway Fares Are Rising Again. But That Won’t Solve the M.T.A.’s Crisis.’’ New York Times, 27 Feb 2019.
Fitzsimmons, Emma “M.T.A. Is Raising Fares and Tolls; One Subway or Bus Ride Will Cost $2.75” New York Times, 22 Jan 2105.
Price, Sterling. “Average Household Budget.” ValuePenguin, ValuePenguin, 12 Nov. 2019,
YouTube, YouTube,


Abortion means women’s right: Their body, their decision


Have you ever wondered about many women wether they are teens or adults that have died or ended up with some medical problem because of abortion?  there are many cases of it which is due to the fact that in some states abortions are not legal or the thought of having one is what hunts them since you will be judged by others if you have one. This led many women into having abortions but not exactly how it is supposed to. Pro-choice ? or Pro-life? pro-choice is when you believe it’s okay for them to have the ability to choose abortion as an option for an unplanned pregnancy even if you wouldn’t choose abortion for yourself.  People who oppose abortion are known as pro-life since they believe that everyone should have the right to live. Many people will ask what is abortion? Abortion is a medical process done to end a pregnancy, it is also called termination of pregnancy. Why do women decide to have abortions? Either the pregnancy is unplanned or when there is a greater threat to the mother’s life, due to the misuse of birth control, inability to support of care for the child, to prevent a birth of a child with birth defects, pregnancy resulting from a rape or incest. What are the procedures of abortions? There are two ways of determining the pregnancy which is the surgical abortion where they will remove the pregnancy tissue of the woman and the medical abortion which is a procedure where woman take medication pills to kill the fetus. How does abortion affect society? It affects our society by watering down the value of life. Many people will discuss that If we find one way of justifying murder, we can clearly find another. Society will look down on women that have abortions because they are going against God’s creation. The protest of abortions are all over the world wether is it legal or illegal people do it. I will be focusing on New York, Manhattan since it is a city that everybody knows and is talked about the most by the residents or people from different states or around the world. Abortions should be a women’s right/decision.

Abortions should be legal because many people do not want to bring babies into the world knowing that they can’t take care of them economically or they were raped and do not want any connection with the raper, also it could be an unplanned pregnancy. Although abortions means preventing a life to live and everyone should have the right to live not be killed when you cannot even defend yourself. Abortions has to be done as early as possible if that’s what the woman really want to prevent any risk towards the woman. In New York, it is legal to have abortions so many women have traveled to New York to get a legal abortion  since they couldn’t do it in their state.

 In this website you can see some facts about abortions that were done to many people. “State Facts About Abortion: New York.” Guttmacher Institute, 18 Sept. 2019,  “In 2017, 105,380 abortions were provided in New York though not all abortions that occurred in New York were provided to state residents…..Abortions in New York represent 12.2% of all abortions in the United States.” This evidence tells us that many people decide to come to New York to get abortions done because in this state it is legal and we can tell that out of 50 states, New York occupies 12.2% of abortions that were done. At the same time some women were declined to get an abortion due to reproductive age. This can be connected to my map New York, Manhattan because in that city is where most of the clinics and hospitals for abortions are located and could be trusted since it’s a city that is well known by many tourist and residents.

This is another website supporting my research about abortions done in New York. “Addressing New York’s New Abortion Law.”, 23 May 2019, The new law that was passed is known as RHA which permits abortions after 24 weeks if a health care professional determines the health or life of the mother is at risk, or the fetus is not viable”. This is important because it is giving them a chance to get the abortion done  “The old law from New York criminalized abortion unless it was a “justifiable abortion act”  which means that women who wanted to do abortions could not be over 24 weeks pregnant or necessary to “preserve” the mother’s life.” Which this means that you will need to qualify certain requirements before getting an abortion done which the important one is not to be over 24 weeks pregNant. Also the new law RHA wants people to stop seeing abortions as homicides but to be treated as a health care matter because we do not know the reason why they are having an abortion but instead of judging them, we have to support their decision. In the same way people have the right to decide what to do with their bodies and anything, similarly most of the people decide to go to a safe, well known clinics to get any treatment done

 Wilson, Lena. “Planned Parenthood Launches Online Tool as Restrictions Come ‘Fast and Furious’.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 12 Nov. 2019,


This is a picture of a clinic that is known as helping any women with anything they need and providing any type of support. In fact whoever wanted to have an abortion have gone to the website and looked for “abortion near me” and this clinic would show up as a recommendation. This clinic provides any type of services and financial assistance and they will let their patients know if there are any changes due to the laws are passed or will pass later on in the future. Besides this clinic, there are many other clinics located in manhattan than in other boroughs that provide women the option of having an abortion if they want to.  O’Kane, Caitlin. “New York Passes Law Allowing Abortions at Any Time If Mother’s Health Is at Risk.” CBS News, CBS Interactive, 24 May 2019,  

Furthermore, this is a video explaining how New York governor Andrew Cuomo went against the government and passed down the new law to protect women’s rights. This will help me show how New York has been helping women not only from manhattan but all the cities from New York and letting them decide what is best for them without judging them according to their actions and decisions but instead understanding why they are doing that.  


This is the map I will be using to show you all about how manhattan has the most clinics and hospitals were people can head to get abortions or any personal matter done wether you pay with money or it is covered by the insurance you have. This is an important city since most of the people know where it is located and also because there are 5 different hospital/ clinics that you can choose and for many people it is the city that represents New Yorkers and outsiders will decide to go there instead of going to other cities that people barely talk about or has bad reviews. An issue can be money for the ones that have low income since it is Manhattan it could be pricey but that does not mean you cannot afford it because if you do any research on those hospitals/clinics, they have many options on how to do any payment, options that you may not have heard of but it’s all about the information you find if you really want to. Women deciding whether they wanted and could get an abortion done or not go through a lot during that time since most of them don’t have enough sources or knowledge or any type of support with the thought of having an abortion or what people will say about them can be stressful and could end up doing something they were not supposed to which is why letting women decide and giving them the right to do anything with their bodies should be legal no matter what, as long as they are well informed with whatever they do. In addition to my personal life, I have had friends who have gone to manhattan clinics instead of going to the other boroughs because of  they way they are known and the reviews each clinic/ hospital have but not only that, the community plays an important role as well and depending on what has happened in the boroughs is the reason why my friends, just like other people have decided and chosen manhattan as their go to with whatever they needed.

Addressing New York’s New Abortion Law




Final post on research proposal

Stephanique Wiggan

Professor Michael


10 December 2019

We are the places to see: tourist Attractions

The topics under consideration is tourist attraction. Tourist attractions are place of interest where tourists visit. Have you ever thought about why people travel? Well, People travel to explore and experience adventure, but when someone visits New York, they do not explore and experience adventure. Instead, they explore the city of Manhattan and not all that New York has to offer. New York is a big city with five boroughs (Bronx, Queens, Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Staten Island) but they are overlook except Manhattan because this city is often consider the apple of tourist’s eye while the other boroughs are diamond in the rough. Although Manhattan has varied tourist attractions, some of the most interesting sights are located in the outer boroughs, the tourism sector needs to expand and promote other tourist spot beyond Manhattan. Promoting and expanding these other attractions will create a better sense and experience for incoming visitors who wants to have an adventurous experience within the City.

New York is a wonderful City where millions of people visit every year because it has many tourist spots. Everyone has a home in New York, whether it is for a lifetime or just a few days, the city is so large and multifaceted that it can satisfy every interest and experience a tourist or local need. Many places would interest a tourist in New York.

This video shows attractions a tourist would not want to miss when visiting New York, “10 Top Tourist Attractions in New York City”.  Besides being a great place to experience a little nature, the city has many attractions within its borders, most of them are free making them the fewest cheap things to do in New York, however, tourist hardly seek to see all these spots that are for their pleasure and fun. Some of the most popular places to visit include the Belvedere Castle, Strawberry Fields, the Central Park Zoo, and plenty of the visitors do not see the Lake and majority of these tour spots.

Manhattan is consider the tourist trap and there are more interesting attraction sights beyond Manhattan. Tourist often overlooks these attractions when they visit because their focus of attention is on Manhattan. According to the article “Times Square Named New York’s Top Tourist Attraction”, revealed that visiting Times Square was preferred tourist activity for more than one- third (35%) of internal student with “The Crossroads of the World” proving more popular than many other famous New York’s destinations. Times Square is located within Manhattan and because tourist always want to see the Famous Times Square, they often forget about the other beautiful sights within New York where they can create new memories and experience. Other sight are important and interesting just as the one is in Manhattan and deserves a chance to be see and explored the same. In the article, Robert John Burck, said, “Times Square is so amazing that I have dedicated my life being there. I’ve spent so much time enjoying the tourist attractions Times Square that I have somehow become a tourist myself”. Even locals consider Manhattan as one of the only mean of tourist attractions in New York, which is leaving the other attractions in the outer borough unattended.

There are many tour spots beyond Manhattan that tourist can explore if the tourism sector promote these spots. Look at the Bronx as an example, the Bronx has wonderful highlights. In the book “The Bronx” states that “The Bronx! Of fifty millions of visitors coming to New York City every year, only a small fraction explores the areas outside the borough of Manhattan. By neglecting fully to experience all aspects of this throbbing and vital city, tourist overlook many sites that make the metropolis unique and they fail to witness the daily life of the majority of its eight million residents” (Ultan Llyod and Olson Shelly, 1). Tourists are missing the grandeur and aesthesis of sites that locates in areas outside Manhattan but if the tourism sector were to promote these spots, then tourist would see the importance and relevance of visiting these sites. Visitors would not only want to stay within the borough but instead they will want to be more adventurous and see places such as:

  1.  Botanical Garden- taking a stroll by the beautiful Bronx river where the refreshing waterfalls, just step from the restored Stone Mils.
  2. The Bronx Zoo– animals ranging from all different species, feeling the extraordinary power and wonderful life around the globe.

Imagine if tourist actually had to chance to see other places and not limit their adventure to only one borough. Do you think Manhattan will be the focus for incoming visitors? According to the article, “The best things to do in New York City beyond Manhattan” (Marcus Lilit) listed and elaborated on places that would be great for tourist when staying in the city. Some of these places are:

  1. Dumplings and dance parties located in Queens
  2. Exploring the archipelago
  3. Brooklyn bridge
  4. Verranzo Bridge- which connects Brooklyn and Staten Island as well as Ellis island on the way
  5. Statue of Liberty

All these places are wonderful tour spots for a tourist, however tourists can only experience these sights if they were more see by others and they can relate and talk about these places with enthusiasm and evidence that they had a jovial time.

The tourism industry will not feel the need to promote and expand attractions because they are profitable. They will refuse to expand and promote the sector outside of Manhattan. In reality the industry do not see the effect that attractions has on visitors, they do not value or care about tourist feelings so that visitors can have the opportunity to visit multiple locations instead of just been stuck to one place. The joy and excitement they experience, additionally they had a chance to explore and have a well-spent time in their destination. The tourism industry need to see the pleasure it would have on a tourist. After moving to New York last year, I did not have a chance to tour anywhere other than Manhattan because every time I ask someone what is there to do in New York, the response is the same. They say “You have to see Times Square or go to Manhattan you will find a lot of things to do or places to see” but now I know that there is more to New York than visiting Manhattan. My map will have locations of places outside of Manhattan that if a tourist was supposed to look at it, they will not be limited to just a specific area but they will have a wide variety of places to choose from. A map showing directions away from Manhattan to direct their attention to other attractions that are worthy of seeing and worthy of their time.

Works Cited

Ultan, Llyod, Olson, Shelly. THE BRONX.  New Brunswick: Rutger University Press, 2015. Print

“Times Square Named New York’s Top Tourist Attraction.” PRWeb Newswire, 31 Mar. 2014 Gale General OneFile. Accessed 14 Nov. 2019.






The Downfall to “Up and Coming” neighborhoods: a South Bronx Tale of Gentrification

Bronx neighborhoods on the rise

Imagine shows Bronx neighborhoods deemed as “up and coming” and shows that many are located in the South Bronx

Countless new buildings and establishments have seemingly appeared from thin air in The South Bronx, leaving the neighborhood of Mott Haven amidst a crossfire of demolition and rebuilding. As a result, once barren lots and abandoned lands are now claimed by highrise condominiums and brand-new overconfident retailers. Upon visiting this “new and improved” neighborhood, patrons awe in the glory of an enhanced borough, hypnotized by sparkling new sidewalks and lavish decorative murals. Nevertheless, locals who have walked these sidewalks dirtied and brittle, rain and snow, cannot be fooled by the pretty picture painted over their land. Although the South Bronx was in desperate need of a facelift, the rising prices and displacement of existing communities indicates that the boroughs reconstruction threatens the culture and authenticity of its neighborhoods. In short, gentrification is at the doorsteps of Bronx natives and it is disguised as renovation.

Rebuilding of the South Bronx was well overdue and is not a new concept for the borough. In fact, formal propositions for renovation began developing over thirty years ago in the mid 1980s, over a decade after The Bronx was burning. Battle For The Bronx: Neighborhood Revitalization In a Gentrifying City, by Catherine Claire Guimond, provides historical context regarding the reconstruction of the borough. From the dramatic abandonment of The South Bronx in the 1970’s to its sudden rise in interest, Guimond explores the long fight for survival these neighborhoods have endured. In her book, Guidmond speaks of the first efforts to reform the borough. She writes, “in the 1970s, residents began taking over abandoned buildings and renovating them themselves … In the midst of crisis and devastation, South Bronx residents seized control of buildings no one else wanted and made them their own.”(Guidmond, pg.8) . In other words, long before deep pocketed contractors swept in to save the day, locals picked up the pieces of this once forgotten borough without help from the city, the state, and without any means other than makeshift equipment and buckets of water to put out the flames of abandonment. By focusing on this fact alone, one can dive into the underlying issue at hand, The South Bronx was in dire need of a facelift, it was burned and buried, dark and scary, but it was this way because the first people who cared enough to assess it’s damage were not licensed in contracting, known for construction, or well versed in real estate. They were neglected tenants and neighbors, concerned mothers and fathers, resilient locals and natives left with little resources to rebuild the rubble. Granted it was not the prettiest borough, or the safest, but it was the land built by and for its people.

A brand new borough comes at a steep price, one existing communities struggle to pay. The South Bronx is an easy thirty minute commute to Manhattan and a jackpot of underdeveloped land. These reasons alone have surely swayed the minds of many who flock to its neighborhoods. However, “Haven sent: Developers rushing to meet demand from buyers in Mott Haven”, written by Jackson Chen, exposes the dramatically rising prices in Mott Haven, a once overlooked South Bronx neighborhood now booming with renovation and reconstruction. Chen reports, “multifamily pricing was continuing its trend up as price per square foot increased seven percent to $196 from 2016, and price per unit also increased the same percent to $176,000, as compared to 2016 … transaction volume of multifamily units also dropped 24 percent this year to 152, as compared to 200 in 2016 and 227 in 2015” (Chen, 2018). In making this comment Chen shines light on an ever-growing issue, the price of living in Mott Haven, and the overall Bronx, is on a steep incline. Along the same lines, the volume of real estate transactions have been trending downwards. Those unfamiliar with real estate may be interested to know that it all just boils down to: overpriced homes that locals cannot afford, allowing outsiders to swoop in and buy the surplus of vacant properties. Consequently rewarding the affluent with countless valuable investments in “an up and coming neighborhood” while punishing the impoverished with gentrification. These sparkling new high rises, boasting retail outlets, and “new-and-improved” bus stops are not meant for locals, they are targeting outer boroughs and foreign currency, preserving their excellence for the financially privileged. These overpriced additions to the borough raise the rents of all buildings in their shadows. Small apartment buildings and local markets do not stand a chance against the influx of new businesses and condos. At the same time, those who currently reside in these communities must fend off new financially-equipped tenants for a borough that has suddenly been deemed livable by outsiders. Existing communities watch helplessly as their land is auctioned off to big business and tax brackets beyond their grasp, forced out of their homes and into reluctant suburbia, Mott Haven’s bright future is bleak for the city dwellers of its past.

The South Bronx is known for its unapologetic urbanity and authenticity, characteristics that now fade in the shadow of urban renewal. From the creation of Hip Hop to the widespread art of Graffiti, the borough has always had an influential and historic culture of its own, a culture that thrived and diffused through neighborhoods and state lines. However, the possible demise of said culture is catching the attention of news outlets and reporters. Wochit news summed up this issue on their Youtube channel , depicting the frightening possibility of what is to come.

The video explains “residents fight to maintain the soul of the neighborhood despite encroaching gentrification. Developers have been trying to change the image of the area, re-branding it as ‘The Piano District’, with rumors of the South Bronx becoming the next hipster mecca like Williamsburg in Brooklyn.”. In other words, the borough is suffering an identity crisis. There is no longer a diffusion of cultures, but rather the overthrow and replacement of another. Minority groups who make up this borough cannot afford the rising prices and those who move in after do not always adapt to the environment. These outsiders simply continue their “hipster” ways rather than contributing to the culture that is readily established, they do not mingle amongst the ethnicities but instead appropriate the land. Worchit news is right in their usage of the word “soul”, because the culture and communities of the borough makeup its essence. Without these variables The Bronx is nothing more than asphalt streets over unsightly brick paths. The people of these neighborhoods came from nothing, empty lots and the remnants of burned buildings. Below is a photo of what the borough once was, an eerie image of debris and abandonment. From this rubble emerged the soul of The Bronx; from this unsightly war zone rose a resilient people. Creativity thrived where opportunity was missing and this is the backbone of Bronx culture; to make something outstanding and groundbreaking out of absolutely nothing. It is this resilience and perseverance that cannot be mimicked by new developers and outsiders hoping to claim this land as their own. If the people of The Bronx are forced to leave its streets, the culture and authenticity of this borough will surely be taken with them.

Skeptics may find the fear of gentrification to be irrational, insisting that restoration plays an essential role in the development of stable societies. However, over-development has been proven to negatively affect those who currently reside in these neighborhoods. Admittedly, cleaner and safer streets are enticing, but they do not outweigh the adverse effects of gentrification. Bronx dwellers who cannot afford newly constructed high-priced buildings, or even their own rising rents, are forced out of the city. This borough is the last of five to be crippled by the plague of renovation, leaving no choice but to flea New York City in hopes of affordable suburban living. In addition, developers attempt to imitate Bronx culture with false narratives of appreciation. Bubble lettering “DA BRONX” on every blank brick is not synonymous with paying homage to the boroughs rich history, it is merely an attempt to profit off of the reputation and achievements of people who are no longer welcome on its streets. South Bronx natives like myself, will be forced out of a borough that is the sum of our attributes, whilst the well off thrive on the fruits of our labor. Unfortunately, this is the reality faced by the city as a whole and cannot be undone. In other words, get used to the appropriated, overpriced, counterfeit city that will emerge where New York once stood.

Guimond, Catherine Claire. “Battle For The Bronx: Neighborhood Revitalization In a Gentrifying City.” 2013, ch.1, pg.8
Chen, Jackson. “Haven Sent: Developers Rushing to Meet Demand from Buyers in Mott Haven.” Real Estate Weekly, vol. 63, no. 16, 2018, p. C1.
Wochit News. “South Bronx Tries To Keep Its Soul Amid Gentrification.” YouTube, YouTube, 2016,
Eagle at Westchester Ave., Bronx, 1970 by Camilo José Vergara. Photograph from the Library of Congress.

Gentrification can take more than your Home: It can strip you of your sense of belonging

     Gentrification is “the process of renovating and improving a house or district so that it conforms to middle-class taste” According the The Oxford dictionaries. When a community is undergoing changes it can be a positive thing, as some communities tend to get safer and may even  look more aesthetically pleasing. Some communities are home to thousands of immigrants, who make up most of these communities. In discussions of gentrification , a controversial issue is the negative impact it can have on communities. On the one hand many living in neighborhoods that are lower class argue that they are being kicked out of their homes due to high prices. On the other hand the wealthy class argues that this change is good.Although gentrification is necessary change it should not break up existing communities as they affect long standing networks of Identity.

    Gentrification is a necessary change. In his article “ Gentrification is good for you” , Edward clarke blames how the widely accepted opinion that Gentrification is bad, stops people from seeing the necessity of gentrifying neighborhoods. He Argues that many fail to realize what gentrification actually can do for the economy. As Clarke puts it himself  “Another factor which many critics fail to recognise is that gentrifying businesses can play a big role in raising prosperity and wages for everyone in a city, not just those they directly employ.”To put it differently, As new business come in because of gentrifiers, it can help to increase the city’s wages and success for everyone not just those who they choose to employ. I agree that Gentrifiers bring in new business and new job opportunities, In my experience as my neighborhood rapidly changes with new stores going up it helps to bring in a lot of jobs for many who may have been currently unemployed.

    Gentrification is breaking up existing  communities though it has its positive effects. unfortunately gentrification can raise prices of rent. Causing lower income families to be pushed out of their homes. In Their article “ How “gentrification” In American cities maintains racial inequality and Segregation : Research Brief”  the Scholars Strategy Network, explains how middle class neighborhoods are starting to expand into neighborhoods that were once deemed unsafe and undesirable. However even though these neighborhoods are changing the poverty level and the inequality level aren’t.The scholars strategy network in their own word define gentrification “ as the reinvestment and renewal of previously debilitated urban neighborhoods that occurs as middle- and upper-middle-class residents move in”. Scholars Strategy Network definition of gentrification, clearly shows the cycle of  gentrification , as the middle and upper middle class move in the lower income families move out because they can not afford the prices that the upper middle class can pay. Therefore causing displacement of the lower class who most of the time are minorities.

See the source image

    Breaking up these communities can affect long standing networks of Identity among  minorities. The feeling of belonging to a community has numerous benefits on every individual. In her article “10 traits that make a good community” ,Stephanie Caldow expresses how an individual’s sense of wellbeing can be affected by the community that surrounds them. As Caldow puts it herself , “The quality of a community correlates to the degree of engagement  and happiness individuals can draw from community interactions. Sadly, some communities promote feelings of self-doubt and isolation.”  In other words, depending on how a community is wether it welcomes people with open arms or if it doesn’t it can directly impact how strong an individual may feel, it effects how happy they can be and how they interact with others. Caldow then begins to explain the importance of a positive community and what it can do for the individual. Caldow States “Positive experiences with communities allow individuals to feel more connected to their environment and the people in it. This form of connection also provides a support system for members when they are in need of encouragement or sympathy.”  Communities can help people feel that they belong to something which is important because when we lose that sense of belonging we begin to feel alienated. The problem with Gentrification is that it can negatively impact communities often times tearing them apart. A Lot of the times minorities often migrate from other parts of the world, often leaving behind a way of life causing them to feel alone . But these communities help them to feel connected to something once again.

See the source image

    All in all, gentrification has positive impacts on neighborhoods however they may not be positive to everyone. Some may argue that gentrification leaves you with safer neighborhoods, though this is true sometimes native residents can react aggressively to gentrifiers.Though it does bring on necessary changes, minority groups who often make up a lot of neighborhoods are being pushed  out leaving them with no place to go. Not only is this unfair but this negatively impacts how an individual can feel.


Study Guide (TSIS)

Chapter 4- Three ways to respond ( YES, NO , OKAY BUT)

Don’t let your reader get confuse! There are three main ways to respond- always explain whether you agree, disagree or both.

Example- John claims that United States of America need a change in leadership because the leader has poor leadership skills.

Agreeing- i agree that United States need a change in leadership, a point that needs emphasizing since so many people still believe that he is a great leader.

Disagree- I disagree with John’s view because United States of America has a great leader who cares for his country.

Agree and Disagree simultaneously- Thought i concede that United States need a change in leadership, i still insist that he is a great leader with good intention.

Templates for agreeing- X is surely right about ____________ because, as she may not be aware, recent studies have shown that ________________.

Templates for disagreeing- I disagree with X’s view that ____________ because, as recent research has shown ________________________.

Templates for agreeing and disagreeing simultaneously-  X is right that _________________, but she seems on more dubious ground when she claims that _________________.